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Experience Ogallala’s Historic Trails At Tri-Trails Park
Road West 80 & Lawrence Road
(1 mile south of Ogallala on HW 61, 1 block west)
Tri-Trails Park is located at the geographic crossing of three major historic trails that passed through Keith County, Nebraska during the 1800’s: the Oregon Trail, Pony Express Trail and the Great Western Cattle Trail (a.k.a. the Texas Trail).
* The Oregon Trail was primarily used from 1843-1848 and followed the “Great Platte River Road” along the river’s south side. It was described as being “one of the best natural roads….that is to be found on the face of the earth.” The actual trail did shift as the river did, drifting a bit north or south. Thousands of settlers traveled this route heading to the Oregon Territory. Buffalo created unique “road hazards” along the trail for the covered wagons, perhaps by the beasts themselves, but always from their tracks. As the herds would walk to the river to quench their thirst, they would carve out ruts, which were said to be 15” wide and 4” deep, “worn into the soil as smoothly as if cut with a spade.” The wagons would have to travel over these ruts at right angles. Broken axles were not an uncommon result. (www.octa-trails.org)
* The Pony Express Trail followed the Oregon Trail through Keith County. The Pony Express operated from April, 1860 to November, 1861. A recent National Trails System mapping marks the Pony Express Trail running along the south side of the river, just north of Tri-Trails Park, between Shopko and Dairy Queen. There were three Pony Express stations in Keith County. The Sand Hills Station, also known as Gill’s Station, was believed to be located a short distance northeast of Tri-Trails Park. The other two, Alkali Lake Station and Diamond Springs Station, were 12 miles east and 12 miles west, respectively, of Sand Hills. The Pony Express was a key factor in keeping California (and its gold) in the Union, entering the Civil War. The fastest run was made in March of 1861, carrying President Lincoln’s inauguration speech to California in 7 days, 17 hours. The Pony Express was short-lived, but it continues to be a fascinating chapter in the history of the American West. The completion of the transcontinental telegraph in October, 1861, spelled its demise. The Pony Express did not prove to be a lucrative investment for the founders. The expected government mail contract never came through, and the business lost money. (www.xphomestation.com)
* The Texas Trail or Great Western Cattle Trail was used from 1874-1886. Over 5 million cattle and 1 million horses came up this trail, which was at least a mile wide. It originated in southern Texas and brought cattle north to the rail yards at Ogallala. When the herds arrived at Ogallala, they camped all around the town. Thousands of cattle grazed the hills, waiting to be loaded out by train to eastern markets. The rail yards were located on the western edge of Ogallala. Learn more about Ogallala’s Texas Trail days here.
The Great Western Trail also extended up into the Dakotas, Wyoming and Montana, taking livestock to ranches and Indian reservations (as depicted in “Lonesome Dove”). The Great Western was much longer and carried many more cattle than the Eastern Trail, known more famously as the Chisholm Trail, which went north out of Texas to the Abilene, Kansas railhead. (www.greatwesterncattletrail.com)
The Markers Located At Tri-Trails Park
*The Oregon Trail Marker, between the two big evergreen bushes, is one like many that are located all along the Oregon Trail in Nebraska. These were made in 1912 by the State of Nebraska. This marker was moved to Tri-Trails Park from a site north of here, by the Old Platte River Bridge (now gone), when Highway 61 was reconstructed. The relocated marker was set in concrete and dedicated at Tri-Trails Park in early April of 1963. The Keith County Historical Society and the Garden Club were in charge of the project.
*The triangle-shaped rock, located north of the evergreens, displays two Pony Express markers. This huge rock was hauled in to Tri-Trails Park by the Grapes family and Art Anderson. This monument was dedicated in the mid 1960’s at the annual spring meeting of the Nebraska State Historical Society, which was held in Ogallala that year. Mr. Anderson mounted the round (1960) Pony Express Centennial marker, which featured the three faces of the founders of “The Pony”. Unfortunately, this round marker was stolen from the rock monument in 2003. The Big Mac Kiwanis Club, who has cared for Tri-Trails Park for many years, then had the current replacement marker made and mounted in the stone in 2004. The rectangular Sand Hills Station marker was added to the rock and dedicated on August 22, 1967, in conjunction with the special Nebraska Centennial Pony Express Reride. Both of the original Pony Express Markers were made possible by the National Pony Express Centennial Association, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Chairman.
*The unique circular marker with the longhorn steer face, on the pole in the flower circle behind (west of) the evergreens, is a bit puzzling when one reads on it “Going Up The Texas Chisholm Trail”. In 1931, the Old Time Trail Drivers’ Association set out to mark where the Texas Trail crossed the Red River from Texas into Oklahoma. Also about that time, a fellow named P.P. “Daddy” Ackley was involved in his own trail-marking movement, to mark the trail its whole distance. And, he was going to pay for all the markers. Unfortunately, he had a quirky desire to call it the “Longhorn Chisholm Trail” or the “Texas Chisholm Trail”. And, since he was putting up the money, he got his way, much to the chagrin of the Old Time Trail Drivers! The Association was really trying to separate the Texas (Western) Trail from the Chisholm (eastern) Trail and get them each properly identified and marked. There are only about 18 of these markers left along the trail, and they continue to cause confusion for people to this day. But at least now you know why it says what it says!
* The Pony Express Rider silhouette was dedicated on June 2, 2011. The “Pony Man”, as he is affectionately called, symbolizes the spirit of the Pony Express and captures the sense of urgency that each rider and horse displayed in getting the mail through, come what may. It serves as a sentinel to greet present-day Pony Express Riders as they pass by this spot each year in June, during the almost 2000-mile Pony Express Reride. The Pony Man was sponsored jointly by the Nebraska Division of the National Pony Express Association, Reinke Manufacturing, and the Keith County Visitors Committee.
* The Great Western Cattle Trail marker, located south of the evergreens, and dedicated on November 9, 2013, was donated by the Rotary Club of Ogallala. The Rotary Club of Vernon, TX, originally started placing the GWCT markers and then other Rotary Clubs along the GWCT began sponsoring the concrete post-styled markers within their areas. This marker is also dedicated to the memory of Jack Pollack, longtime publisher of the Keith County News. Jack actively promoted the rich history of Keith County during his lifetime, both as a journalist and a Rotarian.
Thank you to National Pony Express Association Trail Captain Mary Cone of Ogallala for her work in preserving the history of Tri-Trails Park.